There are many things to take into consideration when trying to select a new toilet for your home or business. The Spruce breaks down how you can make the best choice for a toilet in your space below:

Researching Your Options

With measurements in hand, it’s time to consider what options are available for your new toilet—and there are quite a few.

Toilet Type

The first option is between one-piece and two-piece models. With one-piece toilets, the tank and bowl are all one integral unit. These toilets look very sleek and have a low-profile, but they are generally more costly than the typical two-piece toilets. Since two-piece toilets are more common, they are also more competitively priced.

There are also now highly sophisticated “intelligent” toilets that include features like adjustable- temperature heated seats or even self-cleaning functions that eliminate the need for toilet paper.



Toilets come in various configurations for different uses and needs. Among the considerations you can choose from:

  • Bowl shape: When choosing a toilet, you can choose from those with bowls that are elongated, compact -elongated, or round-front. Elongated toilets offer deeper seating areas and will fit most residential applications. Compact-elongated toilets have a slightly shorter footprint and take up less space while still offering good comfort. Round-front toilets take up the least space and are a good choice where space is at a premium.
  • Seat height: Standard-height toilets have a seat that is roughly 17 inches above the floor. Chair-height toilets are slightly taller at about 19 inches above the floor, making them much easier to use for older people or those with mobility limitations. There are also custom-height toilets that mount on the wall and can be set at heights ranging from about 15 inches to 28 inches above the floor.
  • Toilet trap configuration: Toilets can have trap configurations that are exposed—where the integral trap in the fixture is visible from the side—or the trap configuration can be hidden by the design of the fixture so that the side view of the toilet offers a flat surface. This is really a matter of aesthetics. Visible-trap toilets are a good choice for classic-style bathrooms with pedestal sinks and free-standing tubs, while hidden-trap toilets may look better in more modern bathrooms.
  • Flush-handle locations: Toilet handles that operate the flush mechanism can be either on the left or right side of the tank or may be placed on the top lid. There are also touchless flush models, in which a simple touch anywhere on the tank initiates the flush. And today, there are even toilets with electronic remote-control flushing systems.


Flushing Technology

Most toilets you buy today will be water-saving models when compared to older toilets, but there are several options to choose from.

  • Single flush: These toilets deliver the same consistent flush with every use. Most use about 1 to 1.5 gallons per flush, though models that use even less are available. Because it is the most common, this type offers the widest range of designs, shapes, and colors.
  • Dual flush: These have a two-stage lever mechanism that offers either a light flush for liquid waste or a full flush for solid waste. Light flushes use as little as .6 gallons of water, while the heavy flush uses around 1.5 or more gallons.
  • Touchless flush: These toilets have a battery-powered electronic sensor that initiates the flush just by a wave of the hand over the sensor eye. Because there is no physical contact, there is little chance of spreading germs.


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